MSPKP- REVISED ACTIVITIES
1. GEOGRAPHIC FOCUS AND PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
The geographic focus of MSPKP will remain the same as planned at the time of inception of the program. The program will be implemented in Peshawar, Malakand, and Dera Ismail Khan Divisions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Attachment 1 gives details and budget of all the activities of MSPKP.
3.1 Municipal Infrastructure Upgrade
Given the limited scope of resources in comparison to the needs on-the-ground, and as identified in the Peshawar Water and Sanitation Master Plan, it is proposed that this component of the program focus on a few essential and technically and financially feasible municipal services related to the provision of safe drinking water, sanitation, and solid waste management activities. Initial surveys in the selected areas will generate a preliminary set of potential infrastructure upgrade interventions.
USAID will provide technical assistance through direct contracts for the architecture and engineering support to the GoKP, while the GoKP, through the project management unit (PMU), will use government of Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s contracting/procurement mechanisms to acquire the construction and supply services in relation to the infrastructure upgrade activities. It is expected that the relevant provincial agencies and municipal administrations with assistance from the PMU, will oversee the design and implementation of these activities, with monitoring and review by the PMU and Steering Committee. Within the scope of activities that have been approved for USAID funding, the specific details and procedures for implementation will be determined by the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in consultation with USAID/Pakistan, with final approval being given by the Steering Committee. Funds for activities will be released once the nature and scope of activity, specifications, and standards to be followed are determined and approved by the GoKP through PC-1s and agreed upon between USAID Pakistan and the GoKP through project implementation letters.
3.2 Municipal Management and Information System Improvement
During the past decade, the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been grappling with the multi-faceted array of policies, laws and regulations that are critical for effective municipal governance, particularly with the drinking water supply, and sanitation sectors. A number of other international bodies remained engaged with the GoKP in the articulation of specific urban policy instruments. Towards this direction, the GoKP established two major entities in the province, one is an Urban Planning Unit (UPU) established in the Planning and Development Department of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa while other is the establishment of an independent water and sanitation utility company in Peshawar for the development and management of the drinking water supply, sanitation, and solid waste management sectors in city of Peshawar. The name of this utility company is Water and Sanitation Services Peshawar (WSSP).
Absence of financial management, accounting, service billing and collecting systems, transparent budget reviews mechanisms, and no citizen advocacy campaigns have been the major issues with the water and sanitation sector in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Although MSP’s focus is on the public service upgrades in specific areas of the province, increasing the capacity of the concerned departments to oversee this work and share lessons learned with other municipal entities require special attention. Policy and strategy development interventions will also be taken up under the capacity building initiatives under the MSP.
The use of digital information databases for government service management has expanded rapidly in Pakistan over the past decade. At the same time, the rapid growth in the population and infrastructure has made it difficult for the government to maintain an accurate picture of who is served; where services are in disrepair and; what are the total costs of infrastructure upgrades. Municipal Services Program, through the PMU, will assist the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to upgrade its nascent Provincial Spatial Data Infrastructure (PSDI) to enable the WSSP, UPU, LGRDD, Public Health Engineering Department (PHED), and other concerned agencies to cover all extant municipal services and demographics in the three target divisions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Time and resources permitting, this information system will be gradually expanded to cover rural conditions and assets as well. This information system is expected to evolve into a decision support system as the information database approaches completion and becomes of value to ongoing functions of government. The common databases established by the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will be made available to USAID/Pakistan and other international donor agencies and non-governmental organizations.
3.3 Community Mobilization, Behavior Change, and Information Sharing
There distinct activities under this component will be carried out in the target areas of the Municipal Services Program in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Community outreach and information sharing: This activity would start at least two weeks before the start of physical construction activities. The community will be informed about the disruptions in the project areas and to the services due to the construction activities. This activity would be undertaken by the field staff of PMU and the Architect-Engineer services provider.
Community mobilization: This activity will be carried out by the social mobilization staff of the PMU or by a non-governmental organization engaged by the PMU or USAID with reference to encouraging the communities to cooperate with the operator (WSSP or concerned municipality), pay dues, avoid illegal connections and alterations and on the other hand, informing them about compliant redress system, user charges, etc.
Behavior Change: Behavior change initiates will be implemented under this activity. Health and Hygiene awareness sessions will be conducted for the children, women, and men by the social mobilization staff of the PMU or by acquiring services of the non-governmental organizations working in water, sanitation, and health-hygiene awareness sector. Media campaigns will be launched through print and electronic media for personal, family, and community hygiene behavior improvement, conservation of water resources, hand washing before and after taking meals, and improvement of environment friendly behaviors.